The sequential mixed approach was used in this research study. This technique consists of either a quantitative and qualitative (quant-qual) study or a qualitative and quantitative (qual-quant) study. Blended approach research studies provide a practical world view. With this technique diverse kinds of information are collected which result in an understanding of the research problem (Creswell 2009:18): The quant-qual research study begins with a broad survey in order to generalise outcomes to a population and after that, in a second phase, focuses on qualitative, open-ended interviews to collect comprehensive views from individuals.
To adjust the questionnaire material for the qualitative research study, the items (or questions) in the survey were categorised by the scientists to form the themes or subjects for the focus group conversations. A 3rd component in the type of available literature of primarily supply chain industry related reports and publications were integrated to compare the findings.
The SASC members consist of mainly big freight owners and logistics service providers in South Africa. (Cargo owners are associated with logistics activities for their own products [cargo], and the company provide logistics services to other organisations.) These cargo owners and service companies are confronted daily with difficulties in the service environment that influence their efficiency, efficiency, client service and eventually the competitiveness of the whole supply chain (Badenhorst-Weiss & Waugh 2014:285).
Nineteen (19) organisation environment threat aspects were determined and included in the survey. The questionnaire was talked about with the scientists and a statistical specialist and improved several times before finalisation and was tested to make sure the credibility of the instrument. The study was performed in 2013 amongst members of the SASC, the Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport in South Africa (CILTSA) and the Transport Forum (Badenhorst-Weiss & Waugh 2014:285).
Follow-up e-mails were sent out to increase the low action rate. Due to stringent research principles rules at the institution the researchers are connected to, the researchers might not utilize approaches such as more e-mails, putting pressure on the individuals to respond or use rewards to increase the reaction rate. Therefore, regrettably, just 51 functional actions were received.
Despite the low response rate and the resultant predisposition it was chosen to continue with the capturing of the information, since the findings of the study formed only one of the inputs to the research study. The completed surveys were looked for disparities and omissions and the captured data was processed and evaluated utilizing SPSS (Badenhorst-Weiss & Waugh 2014:285).
Naslund (2002) specified that logistics scientists likewise need to do qualitative studies: 'In addition, if we truly want to establish logistics, to develop new theories and ideas, then we need to question our paradigms, methodologies and choice of approaches.' The qualitative research study was conducted by methods of a focus group conversation - Find Tax Services South Africa.
A focus group is defined by Cooper and Schindler (2008) as: [t] he synchronised participation of a little number of research individuals (normally 8 to 10) who engage at the direction of a moderator to produce data on a particular problem or topic, commonly utilized in explorative research studies and normally last 90 minutes to two hours (Search for accounting service near me).
704) According to Cooper and Schindler (2011:162), the sample design of a qualitative research study can be non-probability or purposive and the sample size little. With non-probability or purposive tasting not all the people in the population will get an equal possibility to be picked (Zikmund et al. 2013:392). This indicates that researchers have the liberty to pick individuals subjectively, that is, each member of the population does not have a recognized opportunity of being consisted of (Cooper & Schindler 2008:379). "However since the knock-on effect is felt in several layers in the supply chain, I believe there'll be quite a bit of Tier 1 to Tier 3 supplier mapping post-COVID." As soon as producing business have actually done the mapping, it may be clear that they're too reliant on particular providers or particular regions.
( It's similar to customers might have a back-up shop to get products they need.) "As COVID-19 began to rear its unsightly head, we started to feel the effect in your area since of the physical stock that was coming out of the Far East," Linnell states. "That was a recognized threat that began to impact the supply chains for a great deal of business in South Africa.
So that was one of the methods." Under regular circumstances, it takes time for making business to onboard brand-new vendors. But in the world of COVID-19, some companies were so desperate to get stock that they were partnering with providers that put them at risk. In some cases, there was negligence that triggered quality control concerns or outright scams that cost companies (and governments) millions.
" For some of the pharmaceutical companies, there's certainly been an enormous need for materials (masks, ventilators, and so on). But they couldn't keep up with the demand for what was required so they were trying to find multiple suppliers all over the place. Sadly, breakdowns in the procurement procedures were inevitable." To avoid this sort of disruption during the COVID-19 pandemic, making companies need to do more comprehensive research study into their suppliers.
It's about understanding who your suppliers are, what services or products they supply, and how reliant you are on them. When you have actually 'run the risk of rated' them, you can put mitigating controls in location. "Look at various methods for your different providers based upon products, services, and risk exposure," Linnell states. "If it's a crucial single source supplier in other words, I can only get an element from them and not from anybody else then normally we put in place service level contract stipulations that specify that the supplier must make an alternate strategy to guarantee services to the organisation.
Once they have actually supplied that details, we can understand the wider effect." If a provider can't fulfill their contract, due to COVID-19 or any other factor, it's essential to know this. Regrettably, lots of manufacturing companies have a problem with reporting. They may sign up an occurrence however not have the ability to totally understand how it affects the whole company (Looking for forensic accounting nearby) (Find Governance South African).
" For instance, if a producing company has a basic material problem, it tends to remain in that department. It does not get aggregated up or intensified as a threat. Worse, companies are reverting to antiquated Excel-based reporting when they must be using advanced supply chain mapping software application that can portray the interdependencies." Certainly, with all the developments in innovation from big data and expert system to advanced analytics and the ' Web of Things' now is a good time for companies to learn more about the brand-new tools that might make things much easier during COVID-19 and beyond.