The consecutive mixed approach was used in this research study. This technique includes either a quantitative and qualitative (quant-qual) research study or a qualitative and quantitative (qual-quant) study. Blended technique research studies present a pragmatic world view. With this approach diverse kinds of data are collected which result in an understanding of the research issue (Creswell 2009:18): The quant-qual study begins with a broad study in order to generalise results to a population and after that, in a second phase, concentrates on qualitative, open-ended interviews to collect in-depth views from participants.
To adapt the survey material for the qualitative research study, the items (or questions) in the questionnaire were categorised by the scientists to form the styles or subjects for the focus group discussions. A third element in the form of readily available literature of generally supply chain market related reports and magazines were integrated to compare the findings.
The SASC members include mainly big cargo owners and logistics company in South Africa. (Cargo owners are included in logistics activities for their own items [cargo], and the company provide logistics services to other organisations.) These freight owners and service providers are challenged daily with difficulties in the company environment that affect their effectiveness, efficiency, customer care and ultimately the competitiveness of the entire supply chain (Badenhorst-Weiss & Waugh 2014:285).
Nineteen (19) organisation environment risk factors were identified and included in the survey. The survey was gone over with the researchers and an analytical expert and improved several times prior to finalisation and was tested to make sure the credibility of the instrument. The survey was carried out in 2013 among members of the SASC, the Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport in South Africa (CILTSA) and the Transportation Forum (Badenhorst-Weiss & Waugh 2014:285).
Follow-up e-mails were sent to increase the low action rate. Due to stringent research study principles guidelines at the organization the scientists are connected to, the researchers could not use methods such as additional e-mails, putting pressure on the individuals to respond or offer incentives to increase the reaction rate. Therefore, unfortunately, just 51 usable reactions were gotten.
In spite of the low response rate and the resultant predisposition it was chosen to continue with the capturing of the data, since the findings of the study formed just one of the inputs to the study. The completed surveys were looked for inconsistencies and omissions and the recorded information was processed and analysed utilizing SPSS (Badenhorst-Weiss & Waugh 2014:285).
Naslund (2002) stated that logistics researchers also require to do qualitative research studies: 'In addition, if we genuinely desire to develop logistics, to establish new theories and ideas, then we need to question our paradigms, methods and choice of methods.' The qualitative study was conducted by ways of a focus group discussion - Number one short term insurance South Africa.
A focus group is specified by Cooper and Schindler (2008) as: [t] he synchronised involvement of a little number of research individuals (normally 8 to 10) who communicate at the direction of a moderator to generate data on a specific problem or topic, commonly utilized in explorative studies and typically last 90 minutes to two hours (View our bookkeeping service near you).
704) According to Cooper and Schindler (2011:162), the sample style of a qualitative study can be non-probability or purposive and the sample size little. With non-probability or purposive sampling not all the individuals in the population will get an equivalent opportunity to be selected (Zikmund et al. 2013:392). This suggests that researchers have the liberty to select individuals subjectively, that is, each member of the population does not have a known chance of being included (Cooper & Schindler 2008:379). "However since the knock-on effect is felt in multiple layers in the supply chain, I believe there'll be a fair bit of Tier 1 to Tier 3 supplier mapping post-COVID." Once producing companies have done the mapping, it may be clear that they're too reliant on specific providers or particular areas.
( It's similar to customers may have a back-up shop to get products they need.) "As COVID-19 began to rear its unsightly head, we began to feel the impact locally since of the physical stock that was coming out of the Far East," Linnell says. "That was a recognized threat that started to impact the supply chains for a lot of business in South Africa.
So that was one of the techniques." Under typical scenarios, it requires time for making companies to onboard new suppliers. But worldwide of COVID-19, some business were so desperate to get stock that they were partnering with suppliers that put them at threat. Sometimes, there was carelessness that triggered quality assurance problems or straight-out fraud that cost companies (and federal governments) millions.
" For a few of the pharmaceutical companies, there's obviously been an enormous need for products (masks, ventilators, and so on). But they couldn't keep up with the need for what was needed so they were looking for numerous suppliers all over the location. Sadly, breakdowns in the procurement procedures were inescapable." To prevent this type of interruption during the COVID-19 pandemic, making companies must do more in-depth research into their providers.
It has to do with knowing who your providers are, what services or products they offer, and how dependent you are on them. When you have actually 'risk rated' them, you can put mitigating controls in place. "Take a look at various techniques for your various providers based on items, services, and danger exposure," Linnell states. "If it's a critical single source supplier simply put, I can just get an element from them and not from anyone else then generally we put in location service level contract clauses that stipulate that the vendor needs to make an alternate strategy to make sure services to the organisation.
Once they have actually supplied that info, we can comprehend the broader effect." If a supplier can't satisfy their arrangement, due to COVID-19 or any other reason, it's essential to understand this. Unfortunately, lots of manufacturing business have a problem with reporting. They might register an incident but not have the ability to completely comprehend how it impacts the whole business (Search for small business tax near me) (Find internal auditors South Africa).
" For instance, if a making business has a raw material issue, it tends to stay in that department. It does not get aggregated up or intensified as a threat. Worse, business are reverting to archaic Excel-based reporting when they need to be utilizing more innovative supply chain mapping software that can illustrate the interdependencies." Indeed, with all the improvements in innovation from big data and expert system to sophisticated analytics and the ' Web of Things' now is a fun time for companies to find out about the new tools that could make things much easier throughout COVID-19 and beyond.