The sequential mixed approach was used in this research study. This method consists of either a quantitative and qualitative (quant-qual) research study or a qualitative and quantitative (qual-quant) study. Blended technique studies present a practical world view. With this method varied types of information are collected which cause an understanding of the research study problem (Creswell 2009:18): The quant-qual research study starts with a broad study in order to generalise outcomes to a population and then, in a 2nd phase, focuses on qualitative, open-ended interviews to collect in-depth views from participants.
To adjust the questionnaire content for the qualitative research study, the items (or concerns) in the survey were categorised by the researchers to form the styles or subjects for the focus group conversations. A 3rd element in the form of offered literature of primarily supply chain industry associated reports and publications were integrated to compare the findings.
The SASC members include mostly big cargo owners and logistics company in South Africa. (Cargo owners are associated with logistics activities for their own products [freight], and the provider offer logistics services to other organisations.) These freight owners and company are challenged daily with hurdles in the business environment that affect their performance, effectiveness, customer support and eventually the competitiveness of the entire supply chain (Badenhorst-Weiss & Waugh 2014:285).
Nineteen (19) company environment threat aspects were identified and included in the survey. The survey was discussed with the scientists and an analytical expert and boosted a number of times prior to finalisation and was tested to guarantee the credibility of the instrument. The survey was carried out in 2013 among members of the SASC, the Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transportation in South Africa (CILTSA) and the Transport Forum (Badenhorst-Weiss & Waugh 2014:285).
Follow-up emails were sent to increase the low response rate. Due to rigorous research ethics guidelines at the institution the scientists are connected to, the researchers might not use approaches such as more e-mails, putting pressure on the people to react or use rewards to increase the response rate. Therefore, sadly, only 51 usable responses were received.
Despite the low action rate and the resultant predisposition it was decided to continue with the catching of the information, because the findings of the study formed just one of the inputs to the study. The finished questionnaires were examined for inconsistencies and omissions and the recorded information was processed and evaluated utilizing SPSS (Badenhorst-Weiss & Waugh 2014:285).
Naslund (2002) stated that logistics researchers likewise need to do qualitative studies: 'Furthermore, if we genuinely wish to establish logistics, to establish brand-new theories and concepts, then we require to question our paradigms, methodologies and option of techniques.' The qualitative research study was conducted by means of a focus group discussion - My international accounting standards South Africa.
A focus group is specified by Cooper and Schindler (2008) as: [t] he synchronised participation of a little number of research study participants (generally 8 to 10) who connect at the direction of a moderator to generate data on a specific problem or subject, widely used in explorative studies and usually last 90 minutes to 2 hours (Looking for telecommunication industries near you).
704) According to Cooper and Schindler (2011:162), the sample design of a qualitative study can be non-probability or purposive and the sample size small. With non-probability or purposive tasting not all the people in the population will get an equal chance to be selected (Zikmund et al. 2013:392). This indicates that researchers have the liberty to pick individuals subjectively, that is, each member of the population does not have a known opportunity of being included (Cooper & Schindler 2008:379). "But due to the fact that the knock-on effect is felt in multiple layers in the supply chain, I think there'll be quite a bit of Tier 1 to Tier 3 provider mapping post-COVID." As soon as making business have done the mapping, it may be clear that they're too reliant on particular providers or particular areas.
( It's similar to customers might have a back-up shop to get items they need.) "As COVID-19 started to rear its awful head, we began to feel the effect locally due to the fact that of the physical stock that was coming out of the Far East," Linnell states. "That was a recognized threat that began to impact the supply chains for a great deal of business in South Africa.
So that was among the strategies." Under normal scenarios, it takes some time for making companies to onboard brand-new vendors. But in the world of COVID-19, some business were so desperate to get stock that they were partnering with providers that put them at danger. In many cases, there was negligence that caused quality control problems or outright scams that cost companies (and federal governments) millions.
" For some of the pharmaceutical business, there's certainly been a huge demand for products (masks, ventilators, and so on). However they couldn't keep up with the need for what was needed so they were looking for several suppliers all over the place. Unfortunately, breakdowns in the procurement procedures were inevitable." To avoid this kind of interruption during the COVID-19 pandemic, manufacturing business must do more detailed research study into their suppliers.
It has to do with understanding who your providers are, what services or products they supply, and how dependent you are on them. Once you have actually 'run the risk of rated' them, you can put mitigating controls in place. "Look at numerous methods for your different providers based on products, services, and threat direct exposure," Linnell states. "If it's a critical single source supplier in other words, I can only get a component from them and not from anybody else then usually we put in place service level arrangement clauses that stipulate that the supplier must make an alternate plan to ensure services to the organisation.
Once they have actually supplied that information, we can comprehend the more comprehensive effect." If a provider can't satisfy their agreement, due to COVID-19 or any other reason, it is necessary to understand this. Sadly, numerous production business have an issue with reporting. They might register an event but not be able to totally comprehend how it impacts the entire organisation (Search for accounting firm near me) (Our code of ethics Africa).
" For example, if a producing company has a basic material concern, it tends to remain in that department. It does not get aggregated up or intensified as a danger. Worse, business are going back to antiquated Excel-based reporting when they must be utilizing advanced supply chain mapping software that can illustrate the interdependencies." Certainly, with all the developments in technology from huge information and synthetic intelligence to advanced analytics and the ' Web of Things' now is a great time for companies to discover about the brand-new tools that could make things simpler throughout COVID-19 and beyond.