The consecutive mixed method was utilized in this research study. This method consists of either a quantitative and qualitative (quant-qual) study or a qualitative and quantitative (qual-quant) study. Mixed technique studies provide a practical world view. With this approach diverse types of information are collected which lead to an understanding of the research study problem (Creswell 2009:18): The quant-qual research study begins with a broad survey in order to generalise results to a population and after that, in a 2nd stage, concentrates on qualitative, open-ended interviews to collect comprehensive views from participants.
To adjust the survey material for the qualitative study, the products (or questions) in the questionnaire were categorised by the scientists to form the styles or subjects for the focus group discussions. A third element in the form of offered literature of mainly supply chain market related reports and publications were integrated to compare the findings.
The SASC members include primarily big freight owners and logistics company in South Africa. (Freight owners are involved in logistics activities for their own products [freight], and the company provide logistics services to other organisations.) These cargo owners and provider are faced daily with difficulties in the organisation environment that affect their efficiency, effectiveness, client service and ultimately the competitiveness of the entire supply chain (Badenhorst-Weiss & Waugh 2014:285).
Nineteen (19) organisation environment danger factors were recognized and consisted of in the survey. The survey was gone over with the researchers and an analytical specialist and boosted numerous times before finalisation and was checked to make sure the validity of the instrument. The study was conducted in 2013 among members of the SASC, the Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport in South Africa (CILTSA) and the Transportation Online Forum (Badenhorst-Weiss & Waugh 2014:285).
Follow-up e-mails were sent out to increase the low response rate. Due to strict research ethics rules at the organization the researchers are attached to, the researchers could not utilize approaches such as additional emails, putting pressure on the people to respond or offer incentives to increase the action rate. For that reason, regrettably, only 51 functional actions were gotten.
Despite the low reaction rate and the resultant bias it was decided to continue with the catching of the data, since the findings of the survey formed just one of the inputs to the study. The completed questionnaires were looked for inconsistencies and omissions and the recorded information was processed and analysed using SPSS (Badenhorst-Weiss & Waugh 2014:285).
Naslund (2002) mentioned that logistics researchers also require to do qualitative studies: 'In addition, if we genuinely want to establish logistics, to establish new theories and ideas, then we need to question our paradigms, methods and option of approaches.' The qualitative research study was carried out by methods of a focus group discussion - My Tax Services South Africa.
A focus group is defined by Cooper and Schindler (2008) as: [t] he simultaneous involvement of a little number of research participants (usually 8 to 10) who communicate at the instructions of a mediator to produce data on a specific problem or topic, commonly used in explorative research studies and normally last 90 minutes to 2 hours (Search for financial analysis near me).
704) According to Cooper and Schindler (2011:162), the sample design of a qualitative study can be non-probability or purposive and the sample size small. With non-probability or purposive tasting not all the individuals in the population will get an equivalent chance to be picked (Zikmund et al. 2013:392). This indicates that scientists have the liberty to pick participants subjectively, that is, each member of the population does not have a recognized possibility of being included (Cooper & Schindler 2008:379). "But because the knock-on effect is felt in numerous layers in the supply chain, I think there'll be a fair bit of Tier 1 to Tier 3 supplier mapping post-COVID." Once making business have actually done the mapping, it may be clear that they're too reliant on particular providers or particular areas.
( It's much like customers might have a back-up shop to get items they require.) "As COVID-19 began to rear its ugly head, we started to feel the effect locally due to the fact that of the physical stock that was coming out of the Far East," Linnell says. "That was a recognized danger that began to affect the supply chains for a great deal of companies in South Africa.
So that was among the strategies." Under regular circumstances, it requires time for manufacturing business to onboard brand-new suppliers. However on the planet of COVID-19, some business were so desperate to get stock that they were partnering with suppliers that put them at danger. Sometimes, there was neglect that triggered quality assurance issues or outright scams that cost business (and governments) millions.
" For some of the pharmaceutical companies, there's obviously been a massive demand for materials (masks, ventilators, and so on). However they couldn't keep up with the need for what was required so they were searching for numerous suppliers all over the location. Regrettably, breakdowns in the procurement processes were inevitable." To prevent this type of disruption during the COVID-19 pandemic, producing companies should do more comprehensive research study into their providers.
It has to do with understanding who your providers are, what product and services they supply, and how dependent you are on them. As soon as you have actually 'risk rated' them, you can put mitigating controls in location. "Look at various methods for your various suppliers based on products, services, and danger direct exposure," Linnell states. "If it's a crucial single source provider simply put, I can only get a part from them and not from anyone else then usually we put in location service level contract stipulations that stipulate that the vendor needs to make an alternate plan to guarantee services to the organisation.
Once they've provided that info, we can comprehend the more comprehensive effect." If a supplier can't fulfill their arrangement, due to COVID-19 or any other reason, it is necessary to know this. Unfortunately, many production business have an issue with reporting. They may sign up an occurrence but not be able to completely comprehend how it impacts the entire organisation (Search for it auditor nearby) (Find financial accounts Africa).
" For instance, if a making company has a raw material problem, it tends to remain in that department. It does not get aggregated up or escalated as a risk. Worse, business are reverting to antiquated Excel-based reporting when they must be using advanced supply chain mapping software application that can illustrate the interdependencies." Undoubtedly, with all the developments in technology from huge data and synthetic intelligence to innovative analytics and the ' Internet of Things' now is a good time for business to learn about the brand-new tools that might make things easier throughout COVID-19 and beyond.