The sequential combined technique was used in this research study. This method consists of either a quantitative and qualitative (quant-qual) research study or a qualitative and quantitative (qual-quant) research study. Combined technique research studies present a practical world view. With this approach varied kinds of information are collected which result in an understanding of the research issue (Creswell 2009:18): The quant-qual research study begins with a broad study in order to generalise results to a population and then, in a second phase, concentrates on qualitative, open-ended interviews to collect in-depth views from individuals.
To adapt the survey content for the qualitative research study, the products (or concerns) in the survey were categorised by the scientists to form the themes or topics for the focus group discussions. A 3rd component in the form of readily available literature of generally supply chain market related reports and publications were integrated to compare the findings.
The SASC members include primarily large freight owners and logistics provider in South Africa. (Cargo owners are involved in logistics activities for their own goods [freight], and the service companies provide logistics services to other organisations.) These freight owners and service suppliers are challenged daily with obstacles in business environment that affect their performance, efficiency, customer service and ultimately the competitiveness of the entire supply chain (Badenhorst-Weiss & Waugh 2014:285).
Nineteen (19) organisation environment threat aspects were determined and consisted of in the survey. The questionnaire was gone over with the researchers and an analytical consultant and boosted a number of times prior to finalisation and was evaluated to guarantee the validity of the instrument. The survey was conducted in 2013 amongst members of the SASC, the Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport in South Africa (CILTSA) and the Transport Online Forum (Badenhorst-Weiss & Waugh 2014:285).
Follow-up e-mails were sent to increase the low action rate. Due to stringent research study principles guidelines at the organization the researchers are connected to, the scientists could not utilize approaches such as more emails, putting pressure on the people to respond or provide incentives to increase the response rate. Therefore, sadly, just 51 functional actions were gotten.
Regardless of the low reaction rate and the resultant bias it was chosen to continue with the capturing of the data, because the findings of the survey formed just one of the inputs to the study. The completed questionnaires were inspected for inconsistencies and omissions and the recorded information was processed and analysed utilizing SPSS (Badenhorst-Weiss & Waugh 2014:285).
Naslund (2002) specified that logistics scientists also need to do qualitative studies: 'Furthermore, if we genuinely desire to develop logistics, to develop new theories and concepts, then we require to question our paradigms, methodologies and option of techniques.' The qualitative research study was performed by methods of a focus group discussion - Number one it company south africa South Africa.
A focus group is defined by Cooper and Schindler (2008) as: [t] he simultaneous participation of a little number of research study participants (normally 8 to 10) who connect at the instructions of a moderator to create information on a specific issue or subject, extensively used in explorative research studies and normally last 90 minutes to two hours (Looking for forensic accounting nearby).
704) According to Cooper and Schindler (2011:162), the sample style of a qualitative research study can be non-probability or purposive and the sample size little. With non-probability or purposive tasting not all the individuals in the population will get an equal possibility to be selected (Zikmund et al. 2013:392). This implies that scientists have the liberty to pick individuals subjectively, that is, each member of the population does not have a known chance of being consisted of (Cooper & Schindler 2008:379). "But due to the fact that the knock-on impact is felt in numerous layers in the supply chain, I think there'll be a fair bit of Tier 1 to Tier 3 supplier mapping post-COVID." When manufacturing business have done the mapping, it might be clear that they're too reliant on specific suppliers or specific areas.
( It's much like consumers might have a back-up store to get items they need.) "As COVID-19 began to rear its awful head, we began to feel the impact in your area because of the physical stock that was coming out of the Far East," Linnell says. "That was a recognized danger that started to affect the supply chains for a great deal of companies in South Africa.
So that was one of the strategies." Under typical scenarios, it takes some time for producing companies to onboard new suppliers. However in the world of COVID-19, some business were so desperate to get stock that they were partnering with providers that put them at risk. Sometimes, there was neglect that caused quality assurance concerns or straight-out scams that cost companies (and federal governments) millions.
" For a few of the pharmaceutical companies, there's obviously been a huge demand for materials (masks, ventilators, and so on). But they could not stay up to date with the need for what was needed so they were trying to find several suppliers all over the location. Sadly, breakdowns in the procurement procedures were inescapable." To prevent this sort of disturbance throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, manufacturing business ought to do more detailed research study into their providers.
It has to do with understanding who your providers are, what product and services they supply, and how dependent you are on them. Once you have actually 'run the risk of rated' them, you can put mitigating controls in place. "Look at numerous strategies for your various suppliers based upon products, services, and danger exposure," Linnell says. "If it's a vital single source provider in other words, I can only get a component from them and not from anyone else then normally we put in location service level agreement provisions that state that the vendor needs to make an alternate strategy to make sure services to the organisation.
Once they have actually provided that details, we can comprehend the broader impact." If a provider can't fulfill their contract, due to COVID-19 or any other factor, it is very important to understand this. Regrettably, many production companies have a concern with reporting. They might sign up an incident however not be able to fully comprehend how it affects the whole service (Search for south africa hotels near you) (Our auditors South Africa).
" For example, if a producing business has a basic material concern, it tends to remain in that department. It does not get aggregated up or escalated as a risk. Worse, business are going back to antiquated Excel-based reporting when they should be using more advanced supply chain mapping software that can depict the interdependencies." Undoubtedly, with all the developments in technology from big data and expert system to sophisticated analytics and the ' Internet of Things' now is a fun time for business to discover about the brand-new tools that could make things much easier during COVID-19 and beyond.