The sequential combined technique was used in this research study. This technique includes either a quantitative and qualitative (quant-qual) research study or a qualitative and quantitative (qual-quant) study. Mixed method research studies present a practical world view. With this method varied types of information are gathered which lead to an understanding of the research study issue (Creswell 2009:18): The quant-qual research study starts with a broad survey in order to generalise outcomes to a population and then, in a second stage, concentrates on qualitative, open-ended interviews to gather comprehensive views from individuals.
To adapt the survey content for the qualitative research study, the items (or questions) in the questionnaire were categorised by the scientists to form the themes or topics for the focus group discussions. A 3rd aspect in the form of offered literature of primarily supply chain industry associated reports and magazines were incorporated to compare the findings.
The SASC members include mostly big cargo owners and logistics service companies in South Africa. (Cargo owners are included in logistics activities for their own goods [freight], and the service providers provide logistics services to other organisations.) These freight owners and company are faced daily with obstacles in business environment that affect their performance, efficiency, customer care and ultimately the competitiveness of the whole supply chain (Badenhorst-Weiss & Waugh 2014:285).
Nineteen (19) service environment threat aspects were recognized and consisted of in the questionnaire. The questionnaire was discussed with the researchers and a statistical consultant and improved numerous times prior to finalisation and was tested to ensure the credibility of the instrument. The survey was conducted in 2013 amongst members of the SASC, the Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transportation in South Africa (CILTSA) and the Transport Online Forum (Badenhorst-Weiss & Waugh 2014:285).
Follow-up emails were sent out to increase the low action rate. Due to rigorous research study principles guidelines at the organization the scientists are connected to, the researchers could not use approaches such as additional emails, putting pressure on the individuals to react or offer incentives to increase the reaction rate. For that reason, sadly, just 51 usable responses were received.
Despite the low reaction rate and the resultant predisposition it was decided to continue with the recording of the data, because the findings of the study formed just one of the inputs to the study. The completed surveys were looked for inconsistencies and omissions and the caught information was processed and evaluated using SPSS (Badenhorst-Weiss & Waugh 2014:285).
Naslund (2002) stated that logistics scientists also require to do qualitative studies: 'Furthermore, if we truly wish to develop logistics, to develop new theories and ideas, then we require to question our paradigms, methodologies and option of approaches.' The qualitative research study was carried out by means of a focus group conversation - Find financial accounting Africa.
A focus group is specified by Cooper and Schindler (2008) as: [t] he simultaneous participation of a little number of research study individuals (typically 8 to 10) who interact at the direction of a moderator to generate information on a specific problem or topic, widely utilized in explorative studies and generally last 90 minutes to two hours (Browse for financial analysis nearby).
704) According to Cooper and Schindler (2011:162), the sample style of a qualitative research study can be non-probability or purposive and the sample size small. With non-probability or purposive tasting not all the individuals in the population will get an equivalent possibility to be chosen (Zikmund et al. 2013:392). This implies that scientists have the flexibility to select individuals subjectively, that is, each member of the population does not have a recognized opportunity of being consisted of (Cooper & Schindler 2008:379). "But due to the fact that the knock-on effect is felt in multiple layers in the supply chain, I believe there'll be rather a bit of Tier 1 to Tier 3 supplier mapping post-COVID." As soon as making companies have actually done the mapping, it might be clear that they're too reliant on particular suppliers or particular regions.
( It's much like customers might have a back-up shop to get products they require.) "As COVID-19 started to rear its unsightly head, we started to feel the impact in your area because of the physical stock that was coming out of the Far East," Linnell says. "That was a recognized risk that started to impact the supply chains for a lot of business in South Africa.
So that was among the methods." Under normal scenarios, it takes time for making companies to onboard new suppliers. However worldwide of COVID-19, some companies were so desperate to get stock that they were partnering with suppliers that put them at threat. Sometimes, there was negligence that caused quality assurance problems or outright fraud that cost companies (and governments) millions.
" For some of the pharmaceutical companies, there's obviously been a huge demand for materials (masks, ventilators, and so on). But they couldn't stay up to date with the need for what was needed so they were looking for several suppliers all over the location. Regrettably, breakdowns in the procurement procedures were inescapable." To prevent this kind of disturbance during the COVID-19 pandemic, producing companies should do more comprehensive research study into their providers.
It's about understanding who your providers are, what services or products they offer, and how reliant you are on them. As soon as you have actually 'risk rated' them, you can put mitigating controls in location. "Take a look at different strategies for your different suppliers based on items, services, and threat exposure," Linnell says. "If it's a critical single source provider in other words, I can only get an element from them and not from anybody else then typically we put in place service level arrangement stipulations that specify that the supplier needs to make an alternate plan to guarantee services to the organisation.
Once they've provided that info, we can understand the more comprehensive effect." If a supplier can't fulfill their arrangement, due to COVID-19 or any other factor, it is very important to know this. Sadly, numerous production companies have a problem with reporting. They might register an occurrence however not have the ability to fully understand how it impacts the entire company (View our financial analysis near me) (My chartered accountants Africa).
" For example, if a producing company has a basic material issue, it tends to remain in that department. It does not get aggregated up or intensified as a danger. Worse, companies are reverting to archaic Excel-based reporting when they need to be utilizing advanced supply chain mapping software application that can depict the interdependencies." Indeed, with all the advancements in technology from big information and expert system to innovative analytics and the ' Web of Things' now is a fun time for business to find out about the new tools that might make things simpler during COVID-19 and beyond.