The sequential combined technique was utilized in this research study. This method includes either a quantitative and qualitative (quant-qual) research study or a qualitative and quantitative (qual-quant) research study. Blended approach studies provide a pragmatic world view. With this approach diverse types of data are gathered which lead to an understanding of the research study issue (Creswell 2009:18): The quant-qual research study starts with a broad survey in order to generalise outcomes to a population and then, in a second stage, concentrates on qualitative, open-ended interviews to collect in-depth views from individuals.
To adapt the survey material for the qualitative research study, the items (or questions) in the survey were categorised by the researchers to form the themes or topics for the focus group conversations. A third component in the form of readily available literature of mainly supply chain market related reports and magazines were integrated to compare the findings.
The SASC members consist of primarily large cargo owners and logistics company in South Africa. (Cargo owners are associated with logistics activities for their own products [cargo], and the company use logistics services to other organisations.) These cargo owners and company are challenged daily with obstacles in the service environment that influence their performance, effectiveness, customer service and eventually the competitiveness of the whole supply chain (Badenhorst-Weiss & Waugh 2014:285).
Nineteen (19) company environment threat factors were determined and consisted of in the survey. The survey was gone over with the researchers and an analytical specialist and improved several times prior to finalisation and was evaluated to make sure the credibility of the instrument. The survey was conducted in 2013 amongst members of the SASC, the Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport in South Africa (CILTSA) and the Transportation Forum (Badenhorst-Weiss & Waugh 2014:285).
Follow-up emails were sent to increase the low response rate. Due to rigorous research study ethics rules at the institution the scientists are connected to, the scientists could not use methods such as further emails, putting pressure on the individuals to respond or use incentives to increase the response rate. Therefore, sadly, only 51 functional responses were received.
Regardless of the low action rate and the resultant bias it was chosen to continue with the recording of the data, because the findings of the study formed just one of the inputs to the research study. The completed surveys were inspected for disparities and omissions and the recorded data was processed and evaluated using SPSS (Badenhorst-Weiss & Waugh 2014:285).
Naslund (2002) specified that logistics scientists likewise need to do qualitative research studies: 'Furthermore, if we really wish to develop logistics, to establish brand-new theories and concepts, then we need to question our paradigms, methods and option of approaches.' The qualitative study was carried out by means of a focus group discussion - Number one south african construction companies Africa.
A focus group is defined by Cooper and Schindler (2008) as: [t] he simultaneous participation of a small number of research study individuals (usually 8 to 10) who engage at the direction of a mediator to produce data on a particular issue or topic, extensively utilized in explorative studies and usually last 90 minutes to two hours (Search for affordable medical aid south africa near you).
704) According to Cooper and Schindler (2011:162), the sample style of a qualitative study can be non-probability or purposive and the sample size little. With non-probability or purposive tasting not all the people in the population will get an equivalent chance to be picked (Zikmund et al. 2013:392). This suggests that scientists have the liberty to pick participants subjectively, that is, each member of the population does not have a recognized chance of being consisted of (Cooper & Schindler 2008:379). "However since the knock-on effect is felt in numerous layers in the supply chain, I believe there'll be quite a bit of Tier 1 to Tier 3 supplier mapping post-COVID." When making business have done the mapping, it may be clear that they're too reliant on specific suppliers or specific regions.
( It's just like customers may have a back-up store to get products they need.) "As COVID-19 started to rear its ugly head, we began to feel the effect locally because of the physical stock that was coming out of the Far East," Linnell states. "That was a known risk that started to affect the supply chains for a lot of business in South Africa.
So that was one of the techniques." Under normal circumstances, it takes some time for manufacturing business to onboard new suppliers. But in the world of COVID-19, some companies were so desperate to get stock that they were partnering with suppliers that put them at threat. In some cases, there was carelessness that caused quality control issues or outright fraud that cost companies (and governments) millions.
" For some of the pharmaceutical companies, there's clearly been a huge need for products (masks, ventilators, and so on). However they couldn't keep up with the demand for what was needed so they were searching for multiple providers all over the location. Regrettably, breakdowns in the procurement procedures were inescapable." To prevent this kind of disruption throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, manufacturing business ought to do more comprehensive research into their suppliers.
It's about knowing who your suppliers are, what service or products they offer, and how dependent you are on them. When you have actually 'run the risk of ranked' them, you can put mitigating controls in location. "Take a look at various methods for your various suppliers based upon items, services, and threat exposure," Linnell says. "If it's a crucial single source supplier to put it simply, I can just get an element from them and not from anybody else then usually we put in location service level contract stipulations that specify that the supplier should make an alternate plan to ensure services to the organisation.
Once they have actually provided that details, we can comprehend the wider impact." If a supplier can't meet their arrangement, due to COVID-19 or any other reason, it's essential to know this. Unfortunately, numerous manufacturing business have a problem with reporting. They might register an event but not have the ability to fully comprehend how it affects the entire organisation (Browse for it auditor nearby) (Our financial planning South African).
" For instance, if a making business has a raw product issue, it tends to remain in that department. It doesn't get aggregated up or intensified as a threat. Worse, business are going back to archaic Excel-based reporting when they need to be using advanced supply chain mapping software application that can portray the interdependencies." Certainly, with all the developments in innovation from huge data and expert system to innovative analytics and the ' Internet of Things' now is a terrific time for companies to learn about the new tools that could make things simpler during COVID-19 and beyond.